The challenges facing the world’s poorest countries are huge. In fact, these challenges are often so overwhelming that it is difficult to know where to begin. At the UN Millennium Summit in September 2000, 187 nations gathered together to come up with an action plan for development. This action plan became known as the Millennium Declaration and included 8 goals, the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), to be achieved by 2015. The eight goals contain 21 different targets that can be measured by 60 indicators. See below for the list of MDGs.
The MDGs may not solve all the problems in developing countries. But they do provide an essential foundation for further development. So, it is important that we achieve these goals. It is difficult to improve institutions and governance, when large portions of the population do not have primary education; do not have access to adequate water and sanitation or are malnourished.